Transfer pricing refers to the setting, analysis, documentation, and adjustment of charges made between related parties for goods, services, or use of property (including intangible property). Transfer prices among components of an enterprise may be used to reflect allocation of resources among such components, or for other purposes. OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines state, "Transfer prices are significant for both taxpayers and tax administrations because they determine in large part the income and expenses, and therefore taxable profits, of associated enterprises in different tax jurisdictions." Over 60 governments have adopted transfer pricing rules. Transfer pricing rules in most countries are based on what is referred to as the "arm's length principle" - that is to establish transfer prices based on analysis of pricing in comparable transactions between two or more unrelated parties dealing at arm's length. The OECD has publi
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