The paper should discuss a language other than English. You can chooses the language: what is important is that the discussion of this language is linguistically relevant, i.e., uses some of the linguistic notions discussed during the course.
Examples of topics that could be included in the paper:
What is the phonological system of the language? Are there any unusual sounds, or phonological phenomena (e.g. vowel harmony, palatalization, etc.)? What is the basic morphological type of this language (analytic, agglutinative, fusional, polysynthetic)? Are there any peculiar morphological processes (e.g., reduplication, ablaut, nonconcatenative morphology, etc.)? What morphological categories are formally expressed in this language? Does it have case, which cases? Number? Gender? How are tense distinctions expressed? Does it have aspectual differences in verbs? Mood distinctions? What are the basic syntactic properties of this language: is it head-initial or head-final? What is the basic word order of the sentence? Does it have any syntactic peculiarities? What is the language family of this language? Any special subgrouping of it? Are there any aspects of its history you find interesting?