Java is a computer programing language that can work in almost every field. It is class-based, specifically designed, and concurrent to include as few execution dependencies as possible. It is aimed at helping application developers to write once, and then run the code anywhere. The final compiled Java code can be executed on any platform that is compatible with Java without having to recompile.
Applications in Java are typically compiled to bytecode that can be executed using any Java virtual machine (JVM), without considering the computer architecture therein. Since last year (2016), Java was one of the most renowned computer programming languages in use, essentially for web applications that were client-server based. It had over nine million developers.
A scripting language, also called extension or script language, is a programming language that allows the user to have dominion over one or multiple software applications. The languages used for scripting purposes are of a higher level than the language the host application uses (for ease of understanding the application, in this case, is the browser). Scripts are more often than not executed using the source code. They can also be semi-compiled to make a bytecode which is already interpreted. Most users think scripting languages are inferior, or are different languages that are not as popular as the application. However, a scripting language is chosen for its versatility and high quality.
Though the two are different from each other, they also exhibit some similarities when looking at web development. The similarities are:
Object-Oriented Programming: The developer should code in both languages regarding objects and how they relate to each other. This enables both languages to access techniques such as polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance.